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Drones distribute medicine to isolated communities

A doctor once said, “Roads? Where we’re going, we don’t need roads.” The year was 1985, and the doctor was Emmett Brown from the science fiction classic Back to the Future.

The “where” that Dr. Brown was referring to was the future and, as it turns out, the future he was speaking of has become our present.

Maybe not the time-traveling-Delorean present, but recent advancements in technology have certainly allowed us to solve problems that three decades ago would have seemed unfathomable.

Drones, which are also known as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), are aircraft that don’t have pilots and are instead controlled via a remote control or autonomously by computers in the vehicle—the latter an idea played out in countless science fiction tales, usually to disastrous effects. Essentially, drones are aircraft that can fly without anyone being physically inside.

The use of drones has grown in recent years, with many reports of drones being used in military attacks—often in developing countries. In fact, this December, it was reported that a drone strike in southern Yemen killed three Al-Qaeda suspects. As a result, there tend to be negative connotations associated with drones both within media coverage of real-world situations, such as the December Yemen strike, and Hollywood’s depiction of ‘good drones gone bad’.

Up in the Air: Invisible Highways and Drones

However, there are a few companies that haven’t ‘gone to the dark side’ and still view drones as having the potential to positively affect the world. Once such company is Matternet. Matternet is a Palo Alto startup with aspirations of building invisible highways that would allow drones to deliver medicine in the developing world and above congested streets in major cities. According to the company’s vision statement, Matternet is dedicated to bringing the “next-generation transportation system” to the world—one with a low-cost, low energy, and a low ecological footprint.

That may sound like a bit of science fiction, but in reality the technology is now available and the need for drones delivering medicine is real.  Currently, there are over one billion people, which equals approximately one-seventh of the world’s population, who must deal with inadequate or nonexistent roads. Going about it the old fashion way—building a competent infrastructure, for example—isn’t possible in many of these locations for several reasons. First, the building of a road system that would connect these populations together would take decades and dollars to create. Second, with the current state of global discourse focusing on curbing our planet’s ecological footprint, many global leaders wouldn’t allow the construction of large road systems. Working with these two drawbacks in mind, Matternet is attempting to help countries and their populations overcome several roadblocks.

“It will take fifty years for some countries to build the necessary road systems,” said Matternet CEO, Andreas Raptopoulos, in a TEDTalk this past June. “Can we create a system using today’s most advanced technologies that can allow these parts of the world to leapfrog in the same way they’ve [used] telephony?”

Remember being stuck in traffic and having no means of contacting your family to tell them you would be late?

Advancements in telecommunications have not only made that particular problem a thing of the past, but have also allowed us to connect with others and information like never before. Think about it: from the comfort of your office chair you can now gather information regarding the latest local flu outbreak and the necessary steps you should take to protect yourself from it. With that being said, advancements in technology can both solve current problems and illuminate others. For example, there are places around the world that are privy to the same information thanks to telecommunication, but don’t have the necessary means to access a solution to combat a simple flu bug.

There are epidemics around the world that are affecting physically inaccessible populations, and we are unable to provide them with adequate medicine. In the same TEDTalk, Raptopoulos spoke of how the current system is broken: “You place a request by a mobile phone and someone gets that request immediately—that’s the part that works. The medication may take days to arrive because of bad roads—that’s the part that’s broken.” Matternet’s goal is to solve this problem by using three key technologies—flying vehicles, landing stations, and routing software—to connect inaccessible populations to necessary goods.

Flying vehicles, or drones, can shuttle a variety of payloads up to 10 kilometers in a mere fifteen minutes. Each vehicle is self-directed by GPS, and hovers at an altitude of 400 feet before reaching its docking or landing station. With continuing concerns regarding the cost of building road systems and the effects of such road systems on the environment, an important aspect of the flying vehicles is that a 10-kilometer flight, with a payload of 2 kilograms, will only cost 24 cents.


Entire populations can now be connected to each other without the expenditure of billions of dollars on road systems. Raptopoulos also notes that the drones may be a way of battling our congested city streets. “Congestion is a huge problem,” said Raptopoulos. “We think it makes sense in those places to setup a network of transportation that is a new layer that sits between the road and the Internet.” With city streets bustling with both vehicle and foot traffic, it is apparent that both spectrums of the world—developed and developing—can truly benefit from what Matternet is attempting to create. 

It’s time to understand that the current system of receiving medicine is broken, and that ideas such as the one offered by Matternet have the ability to positively affect future generations. Science fiction has continuously dreamed up futures that far exceeded our imagination at the time, and it will continue to do so. 

Companies such as Matternet and other companies around the world are showing us that our destiny does, in fact, lie above us.

Forecasted start year: 
2015 to 2018


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