Mob-nrhiav sensors: Tshawb xyuas cov kab mob ua ntej nws lig dhau lawm

IMAGE CREDIT:
Duab credit
iStock

Mob-nrhiav sensors: Tshawb xyuas cov kab mob ua ntej nws lig dhau lawm

Mob-nrhiav sensors: Tshawb xyuas cov kab mob ua ntej nws lig dhau lawm

Subheading ntawv nyeem
Cov kws tshawb fawb tab tom tsim cov cuab yeej uas tuaj yeem kuaj xyuas tib neeg cov kab mob txhawm rau txhawm rau ua kom cov neeg mob muaj sia nyob.
    • Author:
    • Tus sau lub npe
      Quantumrun Foresight
    • Lub kaum hli ntuj 3, 2022

    Xa ntawv nyeem

    Cov kab mob-nrhiav cov kab mob tuaj yeem pab saib xyuas tus kab mob kis tau thiab txheeb xyuas cov kab mob qog noj ntshav uas yuav tshwm sim. Thaum lub sijhawm COVID-19 kis thoob qhov txhia chaw, kev siv cov ntaub ntawv rau kev kuaj mob-nrhiav tau pom meej dua. 

    Mob-nrhiav sensors ntsiab lus

    Kev kuaj pom ntxov thiab kuaj pom muaj peev xwm cawm tau txoj sia, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog rau cov kab mob sib kis lossis kab mob uas yuav siv sij hawm ntau lub hlis lossis xyoo rau cov tsos mob tshwm sim. Piv txwv li, Parkinson's disease (PD) ua rau lub cev tsis muaj zog (xws li, tshee, nruj, thiab teeb meem txav mus los) thaum lub sijhawm. Rau ntau tus neeg, qhov kev puas tsuaj yog irreversible thaum lawv pom lawv tus mob. Txhawm rau daws qhov teeb meem no, cov kws tshawb fawb tab tom tshawb nrhiav cov cuab yeej sib txawv thiab cov tshuab uas tuaj yeem kuaj xyuas cov kab mob, los ntawm cov uas siv dev lub qhov ntswg rau cov uas siv tshuab kev kawm (ML). 

    Nyob rau xyoo 2021, pawg neeg tshawb fawb, suav nrog Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Harvard University, Johns Hopkins University hauv Maryland, thiab Kev Tshawb Fawb Txog Kev Kho Mob hauv Milton Keynes, pom tias lawv tuaj yeem cob qhia kev txawj ntse (AI) kom ua raws li cov dev. hnov tus kab mob. Txoj kev tshawb nrhiav pom tias qhov kev pabcuam ML sib phim cov txiaj ntsig zoo ntawm cov dev hauv kev kuaj xyuas qee yam mob, suav nrog mob qog noj ntshav prostate. 

    Txoj haujlwm tshawb fawb tau sau cov qauv tso zis los ntawm ob tus neeg mob thiab noj qab haus huv; cov qauv no tau raug tshuaj xyuas rau cov molecules uas tuaj yeem qhia tias muaj kab mob. Pab pawg tshawb fawb tau cob qhia ib pawg dev kom paub txog qhov tsis hnov ​​​​tsw ntawm cov kab mob molecules, thiab cov kws tshawb fawb tom qab ntawd muab piv rau lawv cov txiaj ntsig zoo hauv kev txheeb xyuas tus mob rau cov neeg ntawm ML. Hauv kev sim tib cov qauv, ob txoj kev tau qhab nia ntau dua 70 feem pua ​​​​qhov tseeb. Cov kws tshawb fawb vam tias yuav sim cov ntaub ntawv dav dav ntxiv los txheeb xyuas qhov ntsuas tseem ceeb ntawm ntau yam kab mob hauv kev nthuav dav ntau dua. Lwm qhov piv txwv ntawm kev kuaj pom mob yog ib qho tsim los ntawm MIT thiab Johns Hopkins University. Qhov sensor no siv dev lub qhov ntswg los kuaj mob qog noj ntshav. Txawm li cas los xij, thaum lub sensor tau ua tiav kev sim ntawm cov dev, tseem muaj qee qhov haujlwm yuav tsum tau ua kom nws haum rau kev siv tshuaj kho mob.

    Kev cuam tshuam

    Xyoo 2022, cov kws tshawb fawb tau tsim lub e-qhov ntswg, lossis AI olfactory system, uas tuaj yeem kuaj pom PD los ntawm cov ntxhiab tsw ntawm daim tawv nqaij. Txhawm rau tsim cov thev naus laus zis no, cov kws tshawb fawb los ntawm Tuam Tshoj ua ke roj chromatography (GC)-mass spectrometry nrog lub ntsej muag acoustic yoj sensor thiab ML algorithms. GC tuaj yeem txheeb xyuas cov tshuaj tsw qab los ntawm sebum (ib yam khoom oily tsim los ntawm tib neeg daim tawv nqaij). Cov kws tshawb fawb tom qab ntawd siv cov ntaub ntawv los tsim cov algorithm kom raug kwv yees qhov muaj PD, nrog qhov tseeb ntawm 70 feem pua. Thaum cov kws tshawb fawb siv ML los tshuaj xyuas tag nrho cov qauv tsw, qhov tseeb tau dhia mus rau 79 feem pua. Txawm li cas los xij, cov kws tshawb fawb lees paub tias ntau cov kev tshawb fawb nrog cov qauv loj thiab sib txawv yuav tsum tau ua.

    Lub caij no, thaum lub sij hawm qhov siab ntawm COVID-19 kis thoob qhov txhia chaw, kev tshawb fawb txog cov ntaub ntawv sau los ntawm cov khoom siv, xws li Fitbit, Apple Watch, thiab Samsung Galaxy smartwatch, pom tias cov cuab yeej no tuaj yeem kuaj pom tus kab mob. Txij li cov cuab yeej no tuaj yeem sau cov ntaub ntawv lub plawv thiab cov pa oxygen, cov qauv pw tsaug zog, thiab qib kev ua haujlwm, lawv tuaj yeem ceeb toom cov neeg siv cov kab mob. 

    Tshwj xeeb, Mount Sinai Tsev Kho Mob tau tshuaj xyuas Apple Watch cov ntaub ntawv los ntawm 500 tus neeg mob thiab pom tias cov neeg kis los ntawm COVID-19 kis thoob qhov txhia chaw tau pom cov kev hloov pauv hauv lawv lub plawv hloov pauv. Cov kws tshawb fawb tau cia siab tias qhov kev tshawb pom no tuaj yeem ua rau kev siv cov khoom siv los tsim kom muaj kev tshawb pom ntxov rau lwm cov kab mob xws li mob khaub thuas thiab mob khaub thuas. Lub kaw lus ceeb toom tseem tuaj yeem tsim los nrhiav kom pom tus kab mob kis tau rau cov kab mob tom ntej, qhov kev cuam tshuam rau kev cuam tshuam rau yav tom ntej cov kab mob no muaj kev sib tw.

    Kev cuam tshuam ntawm kev mob-nrhiav sensors

    Kev cuam tshuam dav dav ntawm kev kuaj mob-ntaus sensors tuaj yeem suav nrog: 

    • Cov chaw muab kev pov hwm txhawb nqa kev mob-nrhiav cov sensors rau cov neeg mob cov ntaub ntawv saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv. 
    • Cov neeg siv khoom nqis peev hauv AI-pab sensors thiab cov khoom siv uas pom cov kab mob tsawg thiab muaj peev xwm ua rau lub plawv nres thiab qaug dab peg.
    • Kev lag luam nce ntxiv rau cov tuam txhab tsim khoom siv los tsim cov khoom siv rau kev taug qab tus neeg mob lub sijhawm.
    • Cov kws kho mob tsom mus rau kev sab laj kev sib tham es tsis yog kev kuaj mob. Piv txwv li, los ntawm kev siv cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau kuaj mob, cov kws kho mob tuaj yeem siv sijhawm ntau los tsim cov phiaj xwm kho tus kheej.
    • Cov koom haum tshawb fawb, cov tsev kawm qib siab, thiab tsoomfwv cov koom haum sib koom tes los tsim cov cuab yeej siv thiab software los txhim kho kev kuaj mob, kev saib xyuas neeg mob, thiab kev kuaj pom tus kabmob kis thoob qhov txhia chaw.

    Cov lus nug los tawm tswv yim

    • Yog tias koj muaj ib qho hnav, koj siv nws li cas los taug qab koj cov ntaub ntawv kho mob?
    • Yuav ua li cas lwm yam kev mob-nrhiav sensors hloov pauv kev noj qab haus huv sector?

    Insight references

    Cov nram qab no nrov thiab cov koom haum txuas tau raug xa mus rau qhov kev pom no: