Ukadaulo wofikika: Chifukwa chiyani chatekinoloje yofikira sikukula mwachangu mokwanira?

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Ukadaulo wofikika: Chifukwa chiyani chatekinoloje yofikira sikukula mwachangu mokwanira?

Ukadaulo wofikika: Chifukwa chiyani chatekinoloje yofikira sikukula mwachangu mokwanira?

Mutu waung'ono mawu
Makampani ena akupanga ukadaulo wopezeka kuti athandize anthu omwe ali ndi vuto, koma ma venture capitalists sagogoda pakhomo pawo.
    • Author:
    • Dzina la wolemba
      Quantumrun Foresight
    • September 19, 2022

    Tumizani mawu

    Mliri wa COVID-19 udawulula kufunikira kopeza zinthu zapaintaneti ndi ntchito; kufunikira kumeneku kunali kofunika makamaka kwa anthu olumala. Ukadaulo wa Accessibility umathandizira anthu olumala kukhala odziyimira pawokha, koma zopinga zingapo zimachepetsa kupita kwake patsogolo.

    Kufikika kwaukadaulo

    Tekinoloje yothandizira imatanthawuza chipangizo chilichonse kapena mapulogalamu omwe amathandiza anthu olumala kukhala odziyimira pawokha, kuphatikiza kupereka mwayi wopeza ntchito zapaintaneti. Makampaniwa amayang'ana kwambiri kupanga ndi kupanga mipando ya olumala, zothandizira kumva, ma prosthetics, ndipo, posachedwa, mayankho opangidwa ndiukadaulo monga ma chatbots ndi intelligence intelligence (AI) pamafoni ndi makompyuta. Malinga ndi kunena kwa Banki Yadziko Lonse, pafupifupi anthu biliyoni imodzi ali ndi mtundu wina wa kulumala, ndipo 80 peresenti amakhala m’maiko osatukuka. Anthu opuwala amatengedwa kuti ndi gulu la anthu ochepa kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi. Ndipo mosiyana ndi zizindikiritso zina, kulumala sikukhazikika - aliyense akhoza kukhala ndi chilema nthawi iliyonse m'moyo wake.

    Chitsanzo chaukadaulo wothandizira ndi BlindSquare, pulogalamu yodziwonetsera yokha yomwe imauza ogwiritsa ntchito omwe ali ndi vuto la kuwona zomwe zikuchitika pafupi nawo. Imagwiritsa ntchito GPS kuti iwunikire malo ndikufotokozera malo ozungulira ndi mawu. Pabwalo la ndege la Toronto Pearson International, kuyenda kudzera pa BlindSquare kumatheka ndi Smart Beacons. Izi ndi zida za Bluetooth zokhala ndi mphamvu zochepa zomwe zimawonetsa njira imodzi pakunyamuka Kwapakhomo. Ma Smart Beacons amapereka zidziwitso zomwe mafoni a m'manja amatha kupeza. Zolengezazi zikuphatikizanso zambiri za madera ozungulira, monga komwe mungayang'anire, kupeza zowonera chitetezo, kapena chipinda chochapira chapafupi, malo ogulitsira khofi, kapena malo osungira ziweto. 

    Zosokoneza

    Oyambitsa ambiri akhala akugwira ntchito mwakhama kuti apange teknoloji yofikira. Mwachitsanzo, kampani ya ku Ecuador, Talov, inapanga zida ziwiri zoyankhulirana, SpeakLiz ndi Vision. SpeakLiz idakhazikitsidwa mu 2017 kwa anthu osamva; Pulogalamuyi imatembenuza mawu olembedwa kukhala mawu, kumasulira mawu olankhulidwa, ndipo imatha kudziwitsa munthu kuti akumva phokoso ngati ma siren a ambulansi ndi njinga zamoto. Pakadali pano, Masomphenya adakhazikitsidwa mu 2019 kwa anthu osawona; Pulogalamuyi imagwiritsa ntchito AI kutembenuza zithunzi zenizeni kapena zithunzi kuchokera pa kamera ya foni yam'manja kukhala mawu omwe amaseweredwa kudzera pa choyankhulira cha foniyo. Pulogalamu ya Talov imagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi anthu opitilira 7,000 m'maiko 81 ndipo ikupezeka m'zilankhulo 35. Kuonjezera apo, Talov adatchulidwa pakati pa 100 yapamwamba kwambiri yoyambira ku Latin America mu 2019. Komabe, kupambana kumeneku sikubweretsa ndalama zokwanira. 

    Ngakhale kuti pakhala kupita patsogolo kwaukadaulo, ena amati msika waukadaulo wofikira udakali wopanda mtengo. Makampani monga Talov, omwe asintha bwino miyoyo ya makasitomala awo, nthawi zambiri samapeza bwino ngati mabizinesi ena ku Silicon Valley. 

    Kuphatikiza pa kusowa kwa ndalama, luso lofikira silingapezeke kwa ambiri. Bungwe la World Health Organization linanena kuti pofika chaka cha 2030, anthu mabiliyoni awiri adzafunika zinthu zina zowathandiza. Zotchinga monga kukwera mtengo, kusakwanira kwa zomangamanga, komanso kusowa kwa malamulo okakamiza kugwiritsa ntchito matekinolojewa kumalepheretsa anthu ambiri olumala kukhala ndi zinthu zomwe akufunikira kuti ziwathandize kudziyimira pawokha.

    Zotsatira zaukadaulo wofikira

    Zotsatira zazikulu za chitukuko chaukadaulo wofikira zitha kukhala: 

    • Kuwonjezeka kwa ganyu kwa anthu olumala monga luso lofikira kungathandize anthuwa kulowanso mumsika wogwira ntchito.
    • Kuchulukirachulukira kwa magulu a anthu omwe amasumira milandu kumakampani chifukwa cha ntchito zomwe sangakwanitse, komanso kusowa kwa ndalama zogulira malo opangira luso lofikira.
    • Kupita patsogolo kwaposachedwa mu masomphenya apakompyuta ndi kuzindikira kwazinthu zikuphatikizidwa muukadaulo wopezeka kuti apange maupangiri abwinoko a AI ndi othandizira.
    • Maboma akukhazikitsa mfundo zomwe zimathandizira mabizinesi kupanga kapena kupanga ukadaulo wofikira.
    • Big Tech pang'onopang'ono ikuyamba kupereka ndalama zofufuzira zaukadaulo wofikira mwachangu.

    Mafunso oti muyankhepo

    • Kodi dziko lanu likulimbikitsa kapena kuthandizira bwanji zaukadaulo wofikira anthu?
    • Ndi chiyani chinanso chomwe maboma angachite kuti akhazikitse patsogolo chitukuko chaukadaulo?

    Maumboni anzeru

    Maulalo otsatirawa otchuka ndi mabungwe adanenedwa kuti adziwe izi:

    Pearson waku Toronto BlindSquare