Nutrigenomics: kutsatizana kwa ma genomic ndi zakudya zamunthu

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Nutrigenomics: kutsatizana kwa ma genomic ndi zakudya zamunthu

Nutrigenomics: kutsatizana kwa ma genomic ndi zakudya zamunthu

Mutu waung'ono mawu
Makampani ena akupereka kuonda kowonda komanso chitetezo chamthupi kudzera mu kusanthula kwa majini
    • Author:
    • Dzina la wolemba
      Quantumrun Foresight
    • October 12, 2022

    Tumizani mawu

    Anthu omwe ali ndi matenda osachiritsika komanso othamanga omwe akufuna kuwongolera magwiridwe antchito awo amakopeka kwambiri ndi msika womwe ukubwera wa nutrigenomics. Komabe, madokotala ena sakutsimikiza za maziko asayansi a kuyesa kwa nutrigenomic popeza pali kafukufuku wochepa.

    Zolemba za Nutrigenomics

    Nutrigenomics ndi kafukufuku wa momwe majini amagwirizanirana ndi chakudya ndikuwongolera njira yapadera yomwe munthu aliyense amapangira mavitamini, mchere, ndi zinthu zina zomwe amadya. Dera lasayansi ili likuwona kuti aliyense amayamwa, kuswa, ndi kupanga makemikolo mosiyanasiyana kutengera DNA yawo. Nutrigenomics imathandizira kuzindikira dongosolo laumwini. Makampani omwe amapereka chithandizochi amatsindika kufunikira kotha kusankha zinthu zabwino kwambiri zomwe zingathe kukwaniritsa zolinga za umoyo wa munthu. Ubwinowu ndi wofunikira chifukwa zakudya zambiri komanso akatswiri ambiri amapereka malingaliro osiyanasiyana. 

    Genetics imagwira ntchito momwe thupi limayankhira chakudya. National Library of Medicine inafalitsa kafukufuku wa anthu 1,000, theka la ophunzirawo anali mapasa, kusonyeza kugwirizana kosangalatsa pakati pa majini ndi zakudya. Zinawonetseredwa kuti kuchuluka kwa shuga m'magazi kumakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi kuchuluka kwa chakudya chamafuta (mapuloteni, mafuta, ndi chakudya), ndipo mabakiteriya am'matumbo adakhudza kwambiri kuchuluka kwa lipids (mafuta). Komabe, majini amatha kukhudza kuchuluka kwa shuga m'magazi kuposa lipids, ngakhale sizofunikira kwambiri kuposa kukonzekera chakudya. Akatswiri ena azakudya amakhulupirira kuti ma nutrigenomics angathandize kuthandizira zakudya zokhazikika kapena malingaliro otengera ma genome. Njirayi ingakhale yabwino kusiyana ndi malangizo a madokotala ambiri amtundu umodzi kwa odwala. 

    Zosokoneza

    Makampani angapo, monga US-based Nutrition Genome, akupereka zida zoyesera za DNA zomwe zikuwonetsa momwe anthu angakulitsire zakudya komanso moyo wawo. Makasitomala amatha kuyitanitsa zida pa intaneti (mitengo imayambira pa $359 USD), ndipo nthawi zambiri amatenga masiku anayi kuti atumizidwe. Makasitomala atha kutenga zitsanzo za swab ndikuzitumizanso ku labu ya othandizira. Zitsanzozo zimachotsedwa ndikupangidwa ndi genotype. Zotsatira zikatsitsidwa ku dashboard yachinsinsi ya kasitomala pa pulogalamu yakampani yoyesa DNA, kasitomala alandila zidziwitso za imelo. Kusanthula nthawi zambiri kumaphatikizapo milingo yoyambira ya dopamine ndi adrenaline yomwe imadziwitsa makasitomala za malo awo ogwirira ntchito, khofi kapena tiyi, kapena zofunikira za vitamini. Zambiri zinapereka kupsinjika ndi magwiridwe antchito anzeru, kumva kwa poizoni, ndi metabolism yamankhwala.

    Ngakhale msika wa nutrigenomics ndi wawung'ono, pakhala pali kafukufuku wowonjezereka woyesa kutsimikizira kuvomerezeka kwake. Malinga ndi American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, maphunziro a nutrigenomics alibe njira zofananira ndipo amalepheretsa kuwongolera kokhazikika popanga ndi kupanga kafukufuku. Komabe, kupita patsogolo kwachitika, monga kupanga njira zotsimikizira ma Biomarkers a Food Intake mkati mwa FoodBall consortium (yopangidwa ndi mayiko 11). Kupititsa patsogolo kwa miyezo ndi kusanthula mapaipi kuyenera kuwonetsetsa kuti kutanthauzira kumagwirizana ndi kumvetsetsa momwe chakudya chimakhudzira kagayidwe ka anthu. Ngakhale zili choncho, madipatimenti azaumoyo m'dziko lonselo akuwona kuthekera kwazakudya zopatsa thanzi. Mwachitsanzo, bungwe la UK National Institutes of Health (NIH) likuika ndalama pazakudya zolondola kuti aphunzitse anthu molondola zomwe ayenera kudya.

    Zotsatira za nutrigenomics

    Zotsatira zazikulu za nutrigenomics zingaphatikizepo: 

    • Kuchulukirachulukira kwa oyambitsa omwe amapereka kuyesa kwa nutrigenomics ndikulumikizana ndi makampani ena asayansi yazachilengedwe (mwachitsanzo, 23andMe) kuphatikiza ntchito.
    • Kuphatikiza kwa ma nutrigenomics ndi zida zoyesera ma microbiome kupanga kusanthula kolondola kwa momwe anthu amagaya ndi kuyamwa chakudya.
    • Maboma ndi mabungwe ambiri akupanga kafukufuku wawo komanso mfundo zatsopano zazakudya, zakudya, ndi thanzi.
    • Maluso odalira momwe thupi limagwirira ntchito, monga othamanga, asitikali, akatswiri a zakuthambo, ndi ophunzitsa masewera olimbitsa thupi, pogwiritsa ntchito ma nutrigenomics kuti apititse patsogolo kudya komanso chitetezo chamthupi. 

    Mafunso oti muyankhepo

    • Kodi kukwera kwa ma nutrigenomics kungaphatikizidwe bwanji muzachipatala?
    • Ndi maubwino ena ati omwe angapezeke muzakudya zanu zokha?

    Maumboni anzeru

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