I-Emotion AI: Ingabe sifuna i-AI iqonde imizwa yethu?

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I-Emotion AI: Ingabe sifuna i-AI iqonde imizwa yethu?

I-Emotion AI: Ingabe sifuna i-AI iqonde imizwa yethu?

Umbhalo wesihlokwana
Izinkampani zitshala kakhulu kubuchwepheshe be-AI ukuze zithole imali emishinini ekwazi ukuhlaziya imizwa yabantu.
    • About the Author:
    • Igama lomlobi
      I-Quantumrun Foresight
    • September 6, 2022

    Thumela umbhalo

    Izinhlelo ze-Artificial intelligence (AI) zifunda ukubona imizwa yabantu futhi zisebenzise lolo lwazi emikhakheni eyahlukene, kusukela ekunakekelweni kwezempilo kuye emikhankasweni yokumaketha. Isibonelo, amawebhusayithi asebenzisa izithonjana ukukala ukuthi ababukeli basabela kanjani kokuqukethwe kwabo. Kodwa-ke, ingabe i-Emotion AI yonke into ethi iyikho? 

    I-Emotion AI umongo

    I-Emotion AI (eyaziwa nangokuthi i-affective computing noma i-artificial emotional intelligence) iyisethi engaphansi ye-AI ekala, iqonde, ilingise, futhi iphendule emizweni yabantu. Isiyalo siqala ngo-1995 lapho uprofesa welebhu ye-MIT Media uRosalind Picard ekhipha incwadi ethi "Affective Computing." Ngokusho kwe-MIT Media Lab, i-Emotion AI ivumela ukuxhumana kwemvelo okwengeziwe phakathi kwabantu nemishini. I-Emotion AI izama ukuphendula imibuzo emibili: siyini isimo somuntu ngokomzwelo, futhi bazosabela kanjani? Izimpendulo eziqoqiwe ziba nomthelela omkhulu endleleni imishini ehlinzeka ngayo ngamasevisi nemikhiqizo.

    Ukuhlakanipha kwemizwa okwenziwayo kuvame ukushintshaniswa nokuhlaziywa kwemizwelo, kodwa kuhlukile ekuqoqweni kwedatha. Ukuhlaziywa kwemizwa kugxile ezifundweni zolimi, njengokunquma imibono yabantu ngezihloko ezithile ngokuya ngethoni yokuthunyelwe kwabo ezinkundleni zokuxhumana, amabhulogi, namazwana. Kodwa-ke, i-Emotion AI incike ekubonweni kobuso nasekukhulumeni ukuze kunqunywe imizwa. Ezinye izici zekhompuyutha ezisebenzayo amaphethini ezwi nedatha yezemvelo njengezinguquko ekuhambeni kwamehlo. Abanye ochwepheshe babheka ukuhlaziywa kwemizwa njengesethi engaphansi ye-AI yemizwa kodwa enezingozi ezimbalwa zobumfihlo.

    Umthelela ophazamisayo

    Ngo-2019, iqembu labacwaningi bamanyuvesi aphakathi, okuhlanganisa ne-Northeastern University yase-US kanye ne-University of Glasgow, bashicilela ucwaningo oluveza ukuthi i-AI yemizwa ayinaso isisekelo esiqinile sesayensi. Ucwaningo lwagqamisa ukuthi akunandaba ukuthi abantu noma i-AI benza ukuhlaziya; kuyinselele ukubikezela ngokunembile izimo zemizwa ngokusekelwe esimweni sobuso. Abacwaningi baphikisa ngokuthi izinkulumo azizona izigxivizo zeminwe ezinikeza ulwazi olucacile noluhlukile mayelana nomuntu. Nokho, abanye ochwepheshe abavumelani nalokhu kuhlaziya. Umsunguli we-Hume AI, u-Alan Cowen, waphikisa ngokuthi ama-algorithms esimanje athuthukise amasethi edatha nama-prototypes ahambisana ngokunembile nemizwelo yomuntu. I-Hume AI, ekhulise ama-USD ayizigidi ezi-5 kuxhaso lwezimali, isebenzisa amasethi edatha abantu abavela emazweni aseMelika, e-Afrika, nase-Asia ukuqeqesha uhlelo lwayo lwe-AI lwemizwa. 

    Abanye abadlali abasafufusa kunkambu ye-AI yemizwa yi-HireVue, Entropik, Emteq, kanye ne-Neurodata Labs. I-Entropik isebenzisa isimo sobuso, ukugqolozela kwamehlo, amathoni ezwi, namaza obuchopho ukuze inqume umthelela womkhankaso wokumaketha. Ibhange laseRussia lisebenzisa i-Neurodata ukuze lihlaziye imizwa yamakhasimende lapho lishayela abamele isevisi yamakhasimende. 

    Ngisho neBig Tech isiqala ukusebenzisa amandla e-AI yemizwa. Ngo-2016, i-Apple yathenga i-Emotient, inkampani ese-San Diego ehlaziya isimo sobuso. I-Alexa, umsizi obonakalayo we-Amazon, ixolisa futhi icacisa izimpendulo zayo lapho ithola ukuthi umsebenzisi wayo ukhungathekile. Ngaleso sikhathi, inkampani ye-AI ye-Microsoft eqaphela inkulumo, i-Nuance, ingahlaziya imizwa yabashayeli ngokubheka isimo sobuso babo.

    Imithelela ye-Emotion AI

    Imithelela ebanzi ye-AI yemizwa ingafaka: 

    • I-Big Tech ithenga ezinye iziqalo ukuze zandise ucwaningo lwayo lwe-AI namandla, okuhlanganisa ukusetshenziswa kwe-AI yemizwa ezimotweni ezizishayelayo.
    • Iminyango yosizo lwamakhasimende esikhungo sezingcingo isebenzisa i-AI yemizwa ukuze ilindele ukuziphatha kwamakhasimende ngokusekelwe ezwini labo kanye noshintsho ekubukeni kwabo kobuso.
    • Ukwandisa ukutshalwa kwezimali ocwaningweni lwekhompuyutha oluthintekayo, okuhlanganisa ubudlelwano obandisiwe namanyuvesi omhlaba kanye nezikhungo zocwaningo.
    • Ingcindezi eyandayo yokuthi ohulumeni balawule ukuthi idatha yobuso neyebhayoloji iqoqwa kanjani, igcinwe futhi isetshenziswe kanjani.
    • Ukujulisa ukucwasa ngokobuhlanga nangokobulili ngokusebenzisa ulwazi olunganembile noma ukuhlaziya okuyiphutha.

    Imibuzo ongaphawula ngayo

    • Ungavuma ukuthi izinhlelo zokusebenza ze-AI zemizwa ziskene isimo sobuso bakho nethoni yezwi ukuze ulindele imizwa yakho?
    • Yiziphi izingozi ezingaba khona ze-AI ezingase zifunde kabi imizwelo?

    Izinkomba zokuqonda

    Izixhumanisi ezilandelayo ezidumile nezikhungo zibhekiselwe kulo mbono:

    I-MIT Management Sloan School I-Emotion AI, ichazwe