Idolobha elihlakaniphile kanye Ne-inthanethi Yezinto: Izindawo zasemadolobheni ezixhuma ngedijithali

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Idolobha elihlakaniphile kanye Ne-inthanethi Yezinto: Izindawo zasemadolobheni ezixhuma ngedijithali

Idolobha elihlakaniphile kanye Ne-inthanethi Yezinto: Izindawo zasemadolobheni ezixhuma ngedijithali

Umbhalo wesihlokwana
Ukufaka izinzwa namadivayisi asebenzisa izinhlelo zekhompuyutha yamafu ezinsizeni zikamasipala nengqalasizinda kuvule amathuba angapheli, kusukela ekulawuleni isikhathi sangempela sikagesi namarobhothi kuya ezikhathini ezithuthukisiwe zokuphendula izimo eziphuthumayo.
    • About the Author:
    • Igama lomlobi
      I-Quantumrun Foresight
    • July 13, 2022

    Thumela umbhalo

    Kusukela ngo-1950, inani labantu abahlala emadolobheni liye landa ngokuphindwe izikhathi eziyisithupha, lisuka ezigidini ezingu-751 laya ngaphezu kwezigidigidi ezine ngo-4. Amadolobha kulindeleke ukuthi engeze ezinye izakhamuzi eziyizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingu-2018 phakathi kuka-2.5 no-2020, okuzobeka inselele yokuphatha kohulumeni bamadolobha.

    Idolobha elihlakaniphile kanye nengqikithi ye-inthanethi Yezinto

    Njengoba abantu abaningi befudukela emadolobheni, iminyango kamasipala yokuhlela amadolobha ingaphansi kwengcindezi eyengeziwe ukuze ihlinzeke ngokuqhubekayo izinsiza zomphakathi ezithembekile. Ngenxa yalokhu, amadolobha amaningi acubungula ukutshalwa kwezimali kwamadolobha ahlakaniphile kumanethiwekhi esimanjemanje okulandela ngomkhondo wedijithali ukuze awasize alawule izinsiza zawo kanye nezinsizakalo. Phakathi kobuchwepheshe obuvumela lawa manethiwekhi kukhona amadivayisi axhunywe ku-inthanethi Yezinto (IoT). 

    I-IoT iqoqo lamadivayisi ekhompyutha, imishini yemishini neyedijithali, izinto, izilwane noma abantu abahlome ngezihlonzi ezihlukile kanye nekhono lokudlulisa idatha ngenethiwekhi ehlanganisiwe ngaphandle kokudinga ukuxhumana phakathi komuntu nekhompyutha noma umuntu nomuntu. Ngomongo wamadolobha, amathuluzi e-IoT afana namamitha axhunyiwe, ukukhanya kwemigwaqo, nezinzwa asetshenziselwa ukuqoqa nokuhlaziya idatha, ebese isetshenziselwe ukuthuthukisa ukuphathwa kwezinsiza zomphakathi, izinsizakalo, nengqalasizinda. 

    Kusukela ngo-2021, i-Europe ingamanduleli abikiwe emhlabeni wonke ekuthuthukisweni kwedolobha. I-European Union ibilokhu imatasa ekukhuthazeni amazwe angamalungu ayo ukuthi asungule amadolobha ahlakaniphile, njengoba i-European Commission ibekela eceleni u-$395 million USD ngoSepthemba 2021 ukwenza kanjalo. Isibonelo, izimoto zokuthutha umphakathi e-Paris ziya ngokuya zixhunyaniswa nezinhlelo zedijithali zedolobha ukuze kuthuthukiswe ukuhamba kwethrafikhi, nokuthuthukiswa okufanayo futhi kungene ezimakethe zezimoto eziphethwe abantu abazimele esifundeni. 

    Umthelela ophazamisayo

    Njengoba omasipala abengeziwe bamukela ubuchwepheshe be-IoT, kusungulwa izinhlelo ezintsha ezingase zithuthukise ikhwalithi yempilo yasemadolobheni. Isibonelo, izinzwa zekhwalithi yomoya ze-IoT emadolobheni amaningi aseShayina zisetshenziselwa ukulandelela amamethrikhi ekhwalithi yomoya wendawo kanye nokuxwayisa abantu basemadolobheni ngezixwayiso zokuphusha ze-smartphone lapho amazinga okungcola eba phezulu ngokuyingozi. Ngale sevisi, umphakathi ungagwema ukuchayeka isikhathi eside ezindaweni ezinobuthi futhi wehlise ingcuphe yezifo zokuphefumula kanye nezifo. 

    Khonamanjalo, amagridi kagesi ahlakaniphile angavumela abahlinzeki bakagesi basemadolobheni ukuthi bathuthukise ukuhlinzekwa kukagesi kanye nokuphakela izakhamuzi kanye namabhizinisi, behlise izindleko zokusebenza kanye nokwenza ngcono ukusebenza kahle. Ukusetshenziswa kagesi okuthuthukisiwe kunganciphisa ukukhishwa kwegesi ebamba ukushisa emadolobheni evela ezinsizeni zamandla asuselwa kuphethiloli. Ngokunjalo, amanye amadolobha ahlinzeka ngamayunithi okugcina amandla okuhlala kanye namaphaneli elanga kubahlali abaxhunywe kugridi ehlakaniphile. Lawa mabhethri anciphisa ukucindezelwa kwegridi ngesikhathi samahora aphezulu ngokuvumela abanikazi bezindlu ukuthi bagcine amandla phakathi namahora okungasebenzi. Izakhamizi zingaphinda zithengise amandla elanga engeziwe emuva kugridi, okuzivumela ukuthi zenze imali engenayo futhi zigcine uzinzo kwezezimali. 

    Imithelela yamadolobha asebenzisa izinhlelo ze-IoT zedolobha elihlakaniphile

    Imithelela ebanzi yokuphatha amadolobha amaningi esebenza ngobuchwepheshe be-IoT ingabandakanya:

    • Ukunciphisa ubungozi bezingozi zomgwaqo ngokusebenzisa izimoto ezixhunyiwe kanye nezinhlelo zamalambu omgwaqo ahlakaniphile.
    • Ukuthuthukisa imizila yezokuthutha zomphakathi ukunciphisa izikhathi zokulinda futhi kwandise isevisi kubantu basemadolobheni abengeziwe. Ukulungiselelwa okufanayo kokuqoqwa kukadoti ngokusebenzisa izixazululo zokulawula udoti ezihlakaniphile.
    • Ukunciphisa ukukhishwa kwe-carbon dioxide ngamaphesenti afika kwangu-15 ngokunciphisa ukukhiqizwa kukagesi osekelwe kuphethiloli kanye nokwenza kahle kokusetshenziswa kukagesi.
    • Ukufinyelela okudijithali okuthuthukisiwe ezinsizeni zikahulumeni wasekhaya kanye nokunciphisa izikhathi zokuphendula ezinsizeni ezihlukahlukene zomphakathi.
    • Imisebenzi yobumfihlo eqondisa izinyathelo zomthetho kanye nokwengamela komasipala ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuthi idatha yomphakathi ayisetshenziswa kabi.

    Imibuzo ongaphawula ngayo

    • Ungavumela uhulumeni wedolobha ukuthi abe nokufinyelela kudatha yakho yokuvakasha uma le datha yokuvakasha isetshenziswa njengengxenye yemizamo yokuthuthukisa ithrafikhi?
    • Uyakholelwa ukuthi amamodeli e-IoT edolobha elihlakaniphile angalinganiswa afike ezingeni lapho amadolobha amaningi namadolobhana angathola khona izinzuzo zawo ezahlukahlukene? 
    • Yiziphi izingozi zobumfihlo ezihlobene nobuchwepheshe be-IoT obusebenzisa idolobha?