Emotion AI: Shin muna son AI ta fahimci yadda muke ji?

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Emotion AI: Shin muna son AI ta fahimci yadda muke ji?

Emotion AI: Shin muna son AI ta fahimci yadda muke ji?

Babban taken rubutu
Kamfanoni suna saka hannun jari sosai a fasahar AI don yin amfani da injinan samun damar yin nazarin motsin zuciyar ɗan adam.
    • About the Author:
    • Sunan marubuci
      Quantumrun Haskaka
    • Satumba 6, 2022

    Buga rubutu

    Tsarin hankali na wucin gadi (AI) suna koyan gane motsin zuciyar ɗan adam da yin amfani da wannan bayanin a sassa daban-daban, daga kiwon lafiya zuwa yaƙin neman zaɓe. Misali, gidajen yanar gizo suna amfani da emoticons don auna yadda masu kallo ke amsa abun cikin su. Koyaya, shine tunanin AI duk abin da yake iƙirarin zama? 

    Halin motsin rai AI

    Emotion AI (wanda kuma aka sani da ƙididdiga mai tasiri ko hankali na tunanin ɗan adam) wani yanki ne na AI wanda ke auna, fahimta, kwaikwaya, da kuma amsa motsin zuciyar ɗan adam. Horon ya samo asali ne tun a 1995 lokacin da farfesa na MIT Media Lab Rosalind Picard ya fitar da littafin "Computing Tasiri." Dangane da MIT Media Lab, motsin rai AI yana ba da damar ƙarin hulɗar yanayi tsakanin mutane da injuna. Emotion AI yayi ƙoƙari ya amsa tambayoyi biyu: menene yanayin tunanin ɗan adam, kuma yaya za su yi? Amsoshin da aka tattara sun yi tasiri sosai yadda injina ke ba da sabis da samfurori.

    Sau da yawa ana musanya hankali na tunanin ɗan adam tare da nazarin tunani, amma sun bambanta a tarin bayanai. Binciken ra'ayi yana mai da hankali kan nazarin harshe, kamar tantance ra'ayoyin mutane game da takamaiman batutuwa daidai da sautin sakonnin kafofin watsa labarun, shafukan yanar gizo, da sharhi. Duk da haka, motsin rai AI yana dogara ne akan ganewar fuska da maganganu don ƙayyade jin dadi. Sauran abubuwan ƙididdiga masu tasiri sune tsarin murya da bayanan ilimin lissafi kamar canje-canje a motsin ido. Wasu ƙwararrun suna ɗaukar nazarin jin daɗi wani yanki na motsin rai AI amma tare da ƙarancin haɗarin sirri.

    Tasiri mai rudani

    A cikin 2019, ƙungiyar masu bincike tsakanin jami'o'i, gami da Jami'ar Arewa maso Gabas a Amurka da Jami'ar Glasgow, sun buga binciken da ke nuna cewa tunanin AI ba shi da ingantaccen tushe na kimiyya. Binciken ya nuna cewa ba kome ba idan mutane ko AI suna gudanar da bincike; yana da ƙalubale don yin hasashen daidai yanayin yanayin motsin rai dangane da yanayin fuska. Masu binciken suna jayayya cewa maganganu ba alamun yatsa ba ne waɗanda ke ba da tabbataccen bayani kuma na musamman game da mutum. Duk da haka, wasu masana ba su yarda da wannan bincike ba. Wanda ya kafa Hume AI, Alan Cowen, ya bayar da hujjar cewa algorithms na zamani sun ɓullo da bayanan bayanai da samfura waɗanda suka dace daidai da motsin zuciyar ɗan adam. Hume AI, wanda ya tara dala miliyan 5 a cikin tallafin saka hannun jari, yana amfani da bayanan mutane daga Amurka, Afirka, da Asiya don horar da tsarin AI. 

    Sauran 'yan wasa masu tasowa a cikin filin AI mai tausayi sune HireVue, Entropik, Emteq, da Neurodata Labs. Entropik yana amfani da yanayin fuska, kallon ido, sautunan murya, da motsin ƙwaƙwalwa don sanin tasirin yaƙin neman zaɓe. Bankin Rasha yana amfani da Neurodata don nazarin tunanin abokin ciniki lokacin kiran wakilan sabis na abokin ciniki. 

    Ko da Big Tech yana fara yin amfani da yuwuwar tunanin AI. A cikin 2016, Apple ya sayi Emotient, wani kamfani na San Diego yana nazarin yanayin fuska. Alexa, mataimaki na kama-da-wane na Amazon, yana ba da hakuri tare da fayyace martaninsa lokacin da ya gano cewa mai amfani da shi yana takaici. A halin yanzu, kamfanin Microsoft na AI mai gane magana, Nuance, na iya yin nazarin motsin zuciyar direbobi dangane da yanayin fuskar su.

    Abubuwan da ke haifar da motsin rai AI

    Faɗin tasirin motsin rai na AI na iya haɗawa da: 

    • Big Tech suna siyan ƙarin farawa don faɗaɗa binciken AI da damar su, gami da amfani da motsin rai AI a cikin motocin tuƙi.
    • Sashen sabis na abokin ciniki na cibiyar kira ta amfani da motsin rai AI don tsammanin halayen abokin ciniki dangane da sautin muryar su da canje-canje a cikin yanayin fuskar su.
    • Haɓaka saka hannun jari a cikin bincike na kwamfuta mai tasiri, gami da haɓaka haɗin gwiwa tare da jami'o'in duniya da cibiyoyin bincike.
    • Ƙara matsa lamba ga gwamnatoci don tsara yadda ake tattara bayanan fuska da na halitta, adanawa, da amfani da su.
    • Zurfafa wariyar launin fata da jinsi ta hanyar bayanan da ba daidai ba ko nazarce na kuskure.

    Tambayoyi don yin tsokaci akai

    • Shin za ku yarda a sami ƙa'idodin AI masu motsi suna bincika yanayin fuskar ku da sautin muryar ku don tsammanin motsin zuciyarku?
    • Menene yiwuwar haɗarin AI mai yuwuwar rashin karanta motsin rai?

    Nassoshi masu hankali

    Shahararrun hanyoyin haɗin gwiwa da cibiyoyi an yi nufin wannan fahimtar:

    Makarantar Gudanarwa ta MIT Sloan Emotion AI, ya bayyana